Skip to content
Please note that GitHub no longer supports Internet Explorer.

We recommend upgrading to the latest Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, or Firefox.

Learn more
The Swift Programming Language
C++ Swift Python CMake Objective-C Objective-C++ Other
Branch: master
Clone or download
hamishknight [CS] Allow simplification of key path subscript arg locators (#27194)
[CS] Allow simplification of key path subscript arg locators
Latest commit 58459e7 Sep 17, 2019
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.
.github Reduce boilerplate in the GitHub PR template Aug 27, 2016
apinotes [CMake][NFC] Introduce component targets for proper dependency tracking Aug 22, 2019
benchmark Merge pull request #27099 from atrick/fix-rangeiter-bench Sep 11, 2019
bindings/xml [Markup] Print Tags in documentation comment XML Jun 22, 2017
cmake [ModuleInterfaces] Remove references to 'parseable' interfaces everyw… Sep 13, 2019
docs Add comments to `destroy_addr` in SIL.rst. Sep 12, 2019
include Merge pull request #27197 from gottesmm/pr-32d08675e348d877f893509277… Sep 17, 2019
lib [CS] Allow simplification of key path subscript arg locators (#27194) Sep 17, 2019
stdlib runtime: add a workaround for Windows build Sep 16, 2019
test [CS] Allow simplification of key path subscript arg locators (#27194) Sep 17, 2019
tools Merge pull request #27200 from nkcsgexi/debug-flag Sep 17, 2019
unittests [ModuleInterfaces] Remove references to 'parseable' interfaces everyw… Sep 13, 2019
utils [utils/build-parser-lib] Set DLLVM_ENABLE_LIBXML2=FALSE for parser li… Sep 12, 2019
validation-test Merge pull request #27063 from xedin/diag-arg-conversion-failure Sep 16, 2019
.clang-format Add a .clang-format file Feb 14, 2014
.dir-locals.el .dir-locals.el: add flycheck setting for c++14 Jan 13, 2018
.flake8 Ignore flake8 warning W504 line break after binary operator. Nov 6, 2018
.gitignore Fixes Jan 25, 2019
.mailmap Update .mailmap May 14, 2019 [Changelog] Add SE-0253: `func callAsFunction`. (#26866) Sep 1, 2019
CMakeLists.txt [ModuleInterfaces] Remove references to 'parseable' interfaces everyw… Sep 13, 2019 Created a clone of the code of conduct on Oct 4, 2017
CODE_OWNERS.TXT code owners: take ownership of the swift benchmark suite Aug 13, 2018 Reduce boilerplate in the GitHub PR template Aug 27, 2016
LICENSE.txt [gardening] Fix accidental trailing whitespace. Oct 29, 2016 Update Sep 2, 2019

Swift logo

Swift Programming Language

Architecture Master Package
macOS x86_64 Build Status Build Status
Ubuntu 14.04 x86_64 Build Status Build Status
Ubuntu 16.04 x86_64 Build Status Build Status
Ubuntu 18.04 x86_64 Build Status Build Status

Swift Community-Hosted CI Platforms

OS Architecture Build
Ubuntu 16.04 PPC64LE Build Status
Ubuntu 16.04 AArch64 Build Status
Android ARMv7 Build Status
Android AArch64 Build Status
Ubuntu 16.04 (TensorFlow) x86_64 Build Status
macOS 10.13 (TensorFlow) x86_64 Build Status
Ubuntu 16.04 (TensorFlow with GPU) x86_64 Build Status
Debian 9.5 x86_64 Build Status
Windows 2019 x86_64 Build Status

Welcome to Swift

Swift is a high-performance system programming language. It has a clean and modern syntax, offers seamless access to existing C and Objective-C code and frameworks, and is memory safe by default.

Although inspired by Objective-C and many other languages, Swift is not itself a C-derived language. As a complete and independent language, Swift packages core features like flow control, data structures, and functions, with high-level constructs like objects, protocols, closures, and generics. Swift embraces modules, eliminating the need for headers and the code duplication they entail.

To learn more about the programming language, visit

Contributing to Swift

Contributions to Swift are welcomed and encouraged! Please see the Contributing to Swift guide.

To be a truly great community, needs to welcome developers from all walks of life, with different backgrounds, and with a wide range of experience. A diverse and friendly community will have more great ideas, more unique perspectives, and produce more great code. We will work diligently to make the Swift community welcoming to everyone.

To give clarity of what is expected of our members, Swift has adopted the code of conduct defined by the Contributor Covenant. This document is used across many open source communities, and we think it articulates our values well. For more, see the Code of Conduct.

Getting Started

These instructions give the most direct path to a working Swift development environment. To build from source you will need about 2 GB of disk space for the source code and up to 70 GB of disk space for the build artifacts with full debugging. Depending on your machine, a clean build can take a few minutes to several hours. Naturally, incremental builds are much faster.

System Requirements

macOS, Ubuntu Linux LTS, and the latest Ubuntu Linux release are the current supported host development operating systems.

Please make sure you use Python 2.x. Python 3.x is not supported currently.


To build for macOS, you need Xcode 11 beta 6. The required version of Xcode changes frequently, and is often a beta release. Check this document or the host information on for the current required version.

You will also need CMake and Ninja, which can be installed via a package manager:


brew install cmake ninja


sudo port install cmake ninja

Instructions for installing CMake and Ninja directly can be found below.


For Ubuntu, you'll need the following development dependencies:

sudo apt-get install git cmake ninja-build clang python uuid-dev libicu-dev icu-devtools libedit-dev libxml2-dev libsqlite3-dev swig libpython-dev libncurses5-dev pkg-config libcurl4-openssl-dev systemtap-sdt-dev tzdata rsync

Note: LLDB currently requires at least swig-1.3.40 but will successfully build with version 2 shipped with Ubuntu.

Build instructions for Ubuntu 14.04 LTS can be found here.

Getting Sources for Swift and Related Projects

First create a directory for all of the Swift sources:

mkdir swift-source
cd swift-source

Note: This is important since update-checkout (see below) checks out repositories next to the Swift source directory. This means that if one clones Swift and has other unrelated repositories, update-checkout may not clone those repositories and will update them instead.

Via HTTPS For those checking out sources as read-only, HTTPS works best:

git clone
./swift/utils/update-checkout --clone

Via SSH For those who plan on regularly making direct commits, cloning over SSH may provide a better experience (which requires uploading SSH keys to GitHub):

git clone [email protected]:apple/swift.git
./swift/utils/update-checkout --clone-with-ssh

Building Swift

The build-script is a high-level build automation script that supports basic options such as building a Swift-compatible LLDB, building the Swift Package Manager, building for various platforms, running tests after builds, and more.

There are two primary build systems to use: Xcode and Ninja. The Xcode build system allows you to work in Xcode, but Ninja is a bit faster and supports more environments.

To build using Ninja, run:

swift/utils/build-script --release-debuginfo

When developing Swift, it helps to build what you're working on in a debug configuration while building the rest of the project with optimizations. Below are some examples of using debug variants:

swift/utils/build-script --release-debuginfo --debug-swift # Swift frontend built in debug
swift/utils/build-script --release-debuginfo --debug-swift-stdlib # Standard library built in debug
swift/utils/build-script --release-debuginfo --debug-swift --force-optimized-typechecker # Swift frontend sans type checker built in debug

Limiting the amount of debug code in the compiler has a very large impact on Swift compile times, and in turn the test execution time. If you want to build the entire project in debug, you can run:

swift/utils/build-script --debug

For documentation of all available arguments, as well as additional usage information, see the inline help:

swift/utils/build-script -h


To build using Xcode, specify the --xcode argument on any of the above commands. Xcode can be used to edit the Swift source code, but it is not currently fully supported as a build environment for SDKs other than macOS. The generated Xcode project does not integrate with the test runner, but the tests can be run with the 'check-swift' target.

Build Products

All of the build products are placed in swift-source/build/${TOOL}-${MODE}/${PRODUCT}-${PLATFORM}/. If macOS Swift with Ninja in DebugAssert mode was built, all of the products would be in swift-source/build/Ninja-DebugAssert/swift-macosx-x86_64/. It helps to save this directory as an environment variable for future use.

export SWIFT_BUILD_DIR="~/swift-source/build/Ninja-DebugAssert/swift-macosx-x86_64"


Once the first build has completed, Ninja can perform fast incremental builds of various products. These incremental builds are a big timesaver when developing and debugging.

ninja swift

This will build the Swift compiler, but will not rebuild the standard library or any other target. Building the swift-stdlib target as an additional layer of testing from time to time is also a good idea. To build just the standard library, run:

ninja swift-stdlib

It is always a good idea to do a full build after using update-checkout.

Using Xcode

To open the Swift project in Xcode, open ${SWIFT_BUILD_DIR}/Swift.xcodeproj. It will auto-create a lot of schemes for all of the available targets. A common debug flow would involve:

  • Select the 'swift' scheme.
  • Pull up the scheme editor (??<).
  • Select the 'Arguments' tab and click the '+'.
  • Add the command line options.
  • Close the scheme editor.
  • Build and run.

Another option is to change the scheme to "Wait for executable to be launched", then run the build product in Terminal.

Swift Toolchains


Swift toolchains are created using the script build-toolchain. This script is used by's CI to produce snapshots and can allow for one to locally reproduce such builds for development or distribution purposes. E.x.:

  $ ./swift/utils/build-toolchain $BUNDLE_PREFIX

where $BUNDLE_PREFIX is a string that will be prepended to the build date to give the bundle identifier of the toolchain's Info.plist. For instance, if $BUNDLE_PREFIX was com.example, the toolchain produced will have the bundle identifier com.example.YYYYMMDD. It will be created in the directory you run the script with a filename of the form: swift-LOCAL-YYYY-MM-DD-a-osx.tar.gz.

Beyond building the toolchain, build-toolchain also supports the following (non-exhaustive) set of useful options::

  • --dry-run: Perform a dry run build. This is off by default.
  • --test: Test the toolchain after it has been compiled. This is off by default.
  • --distcc: Use distcc to speed up the build by distributing the c++ part of the swift build. This is off by default.

More options may be added over time. Please pass --help to build-toolchain to see the full set of options.

Installing into Xcode

On macOS if one wants to install such a toolchain into Xcode:

  1. Untar and copy the toolchain to one of /Library/Developer/Toolchains/ or ~/Library/Developer/Toolchains/. E.x.:
  $ sudo tar -xzf swift-LOCAL-YYYY-MM-DD-a-osx.tar.gz -C /
  $ tar -xzf swift-LOCAL-YYYY-MM-DD-a-osx.tar.gz -C ~/

The script also generates an archive containing debug symbols which can be installed over the main archive allowing symbolication of any compiler crashes.

  $ sudo tar -xzf swift-LOCAL-YYYY-MM-DD-a-osx-symbols.tar.gz -C /
  $ tar -xzf swift-LOCAL-YYYY-MM-DD-a-osx-symbols.tar.gz -C ~/
  1. Specify the local toolchain for Xcode's use via Xcode->Toolchains.

Build Failures

Make sure you are using the correct release of Xcode.

If you have changed Xcode versions but still encounter errors that appear to be related to the Xcode version, try passing --clean to build-script.

When a new version of Xcode is released, you can update your build without recompiling the entire project by passing the --reconfigure option.

Make sure all repositories are up to date with the update-checkout command described above.

Testing Swift

See docs/, in particular the section on

Learning More

Be sure to look through the docs directory for more information about the compiler. In particular, the documents titled Debugging the Swift Compiler and Continuous Integration for Swift are very helpful to understand before submitting your first PR.

Building Documentation

To read the compiler documentation, start by installing the Sphinx documentation generator tool by running the command:

easy_install -U "Sphinx < 2.0"

Once complete, you can build the Swift documentation by changing directory into docs and typing make. This compiles the .rst files in the docs directory into HTML in the docs/_build/html directory.

Many of the docs are out of date, but you can see some historical design documents in the docs directory.

Another source of documentation is the standard library itself, located in stdlib. Much of the language is actually implemented in the library (including Int), and the standard library gives some examples of what can be expressed today.

Build Dependencies


CMake is the core infrastructure used to configure builds of Swift and its companion projects; at least version 3.4.3 is required.

On macOS, you can download the CMake Binary Distribution, bundled as an application, copy it to /Applications, and add the embedded command line tools to your PATH:

export PATH=/Applications/$PATH

On Linux, if you have not already installed Swift's development dependencies, you can download and install the CMake package separately using the following command:

sudo apt-get install cmake


Ninja is the current recommended build system for building Swift and is the default configuration generated by CMake. Pre-built packages are available for macOS and Linux distributions. You can also clone Ninja next to the other projects and it will be bootstrapped automatically:


git clone && cd ninja
git checkout release


git clone [email protected]:ninja-build/ninja.git && cd ninja
git checkout release
You can’t perform that action at this time.
腾讯分分彩五星怎么玩 意甲贝伦20分钟下载 排列三走势图综合版新 意甲数据统计 3d彩票论坛微信群 穿越超智能足球之烈巴 娱乐场注册开户送现金 极速快3技巧赚钱方法 888真人娱乐城真人游戏 天津十一选五赵三刀 平码三中三公式规律 北京快乐8开奖走势图 打麻将的男人能要吗 广西十一选五开奖结果官网 cba季后赛避开广东队